In C#, how can I represent 'String.Contains("term")' with an expression tree?

.net c# expression-trees lambda

Question

I am just getting started with expression trees so I hope this makes sense. I am trying to create an expression tree to represent:

t => t.SomeProperty.Contains("stringValue");

So far I have got:

    private static Expression.Lambda<Func<string, bool>> GetContainsExpression<T>(string propertyName, string propertyValue)
    {
        var parameterExp = Expression.Parameter(typeof(T), "type");
        var propertyExp = Expression.Property(parameter, propertyName);
        var containsMethodExp = Expression.*SomeMemberReferenceFunction*("Contains", propertyExp) //this is where I got lost, obviously :)
        ...
        return Expression.Lambda<Func<string, bool>>(containsMethodExp, parameterExp); //then something like this
    }

I just don't know how to reference the String.Contains() method.

Help appreciated.

1
59
11/10/2008 6:11:28 PM

Accepted Answer

Something like:

class Foo
{
    public string Bar { get; set; }
}
static void Main()
{
    var lambda = GetExpression<Foo>("Bar", "abc");
    Foo foo = new Foo { Bar = "aabca" };
    bool test = lambda.Compile()(foo);
}
static Expression<Func<T, bool>> GetExpression<T>(string propertyName, string propertyValue)
{
    var parameterExp = Expression.Parameter(typeof(T), "type");
    var propertyExp = Expression.Property(parameterExp, propertyName);
    MethodInfo method = typeof(string).GetMethod("Contains", new[] { typeof(string) });
    var someValue = Expression.Constant(propertyValue, typeof(string));
    var containsMethodExp = Expression.Call(propertyExp, method, someValue);

    return Expression.Lambda<Func<T, bool>>(containsMethodExp, parameterExp);
}

You might find this helpful.

133
11/10/2008 6:20:29 PM

Popular Answer

To perform a search like:

ef.Entities.Where(entity => arr.Contains(entity.Name)).ToArray();

which the trace string will be:

SELECT .... From Entities ... Where Name In ("abc", "def", "qaz")

I use the method I created below:

ef.Entities.Where(ContainsPredicate<Entity, string>(arr, "Name")).ToArray();

public Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> ContainsPredicate<TEntity, T>(T[] arr, string fieldname) where TEntity : class {
  ParameterExpression entity = Expression.Parameter(typeof(TEntity), "entity");
  MemberExpression member = Expression.Property(entity, fieldname);

  var containsMethods = typeof(Enumerable).GetMethods(BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.Public)
  .Where(m => m.Name == "Contains");
  MethodInfo method = null;
  foreach (var m in containsMethods) {
    if (m.GetParameters().Count() == 2) {
      method = m;
      break;
    }
  }
  method = method.MakeGenericMethod(member.Type);
  var exprContains = Expression.Call(method, new Expression[] { Expression.Constant(arr), member });
  return Expression.Lambda<Func<TEntity, bool>>(exprContains, entity);
}


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