variable '' of type '' referenced from scope '', but it is not defined

c# expression-trees

Question

Well, the following code is self-explaining; I want to combine two expressions into one using And operator. The last line causes rune-time the error:

Additional information: variable 'y' of type 'System.String' referenced from scope '', but it is not defined

Code:

Expression<Func<string, bool>> e1 = y => y.Length < 100;
Expression<Func<string, bool>> e2 = y => y.Length < 200;

var e3 = Expression.And(e1.Body, e2.Body);

var e4 = Expression.Lambda<Func<string, bool>>(e3, e1.Parameters.ToArray());
e4.Compile(); // <--- causes run-time error

Accepted Answer

Thanks everybody collaborated.

As dasblinkenlight pointed out the two parameters in the two expressions are not the same. Reason? Well, it is the compiler trick. When compiling, it creates a class for each expression and name each parameter something like xxx1, xxx2,... completely different from the original names.

And the answer for .Net 4.0+:

How to Combine two lambdas


Popular Answer

The problem is that parameter expression objects that represents variable y in expressions e1 and e2 are different. The fact that the two variables are named the same and have the same type does not matter: e1.Parameters.First() and e2.Parameters.First() is not the same object.

This causes the problem that you see: only e1's parameter y is available to Lambda<>, while e2's parameter y is out of scope.

To fix this problem use Expression APIs to create e1 and e2. This way you would be able to share the parameter expression across them, thus eliminating the problem of scope.



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