Expression.Or, The parameter 'item' is not in scope

c# expression expression-trees linq

Question

I am trying to write a static function to Or two expressions, but recieve the following error:

The parameter 'item' is not in scope.

Description: An unhandled exception occurred during the execution of the current web request. Please review the stack trace for more information about the error and where it originated in the code.

Exception Details: System.InvalidOperationException: The parameter 'item' is not in scope.

the method:

public static Expression<Func<T, bool>> OrExpressions(Expression<Func<T, bool>> left, Expression<Func<T, bool>> right)
{
    // Define the parameter to use
    var param = Expression.Parameter(typeof(T), "item");

    var filterExpression = Expression.Lambda<Func<T, bool>>
         (Expression.Or(
             left.Body,
             right.Body
          ), param);
    // Build the expression and return it
    return (filterExpression);
}

edit: adding more info

The expressions being or'd are coming from the method below, which execute just fine. if there is a better way to or the results I am all ears. Also, I do not know how many are being or'd in advance.

public static Expression<Func<T, bool>> FilterExpression(string filterBy, object Value, FilterBinaryExpression binaryExpression)
{
    // Define the parameter to use
    var param = Expression.Parameter(typeof(T), "item");

    // Filter expression on the value
    switch (binaryExpression)
    {
        case FilterBinaryExpression.Equal:
            {
                // Build an expression for "Is the parameter equal to the value" by employing reflection
                var filterExpression = Expression.Lambda<Func<T, bool>>
                    (Expression.Equal(
                        Expression.Convert(Expression.Property(param, filterBy), typeof(TVal)),
                        Expression.Constant(Value)
                     ),
                    param);
                // Build the expression and return it
                return (filterExpression);
            }

edit: adding even more info

Alternatively, is there a better way to do an or? Currently the .Where(constraint) works just fine where constraint is of type Expression>. How can i do where(constraint1 or constraint2) (to the constraint n'th)

Thanks in advance!

Accepted Answer

The issue is that the Expression you're creating in the method OrExpressions reuses the body of the two expressions. Those bodies will contain references to their own ParameterExpression that has been defined in FilterExpression.

A fix would be to rewrite the left and right parts to use the new ParameterExpression. Or to pass the original ParameterExpression along. It's not because the two ParameterExpression have the same name that they represent the same parameter.


Popular Answer

As already suggested, here you can find this very nice (working) code

public static Expression<Func<T, bool>> Or<T>(this Expression<Func<T, bool>> expr1, Expression<Func<T, bool>> expr2)
{
    var invokedExpr = Expression.Invoke(expr2, expr1.Parameters.Cast<Expression>());
    return Expression.Lambda<Func<T, bool>>(Expression.Or(expr1.Body, invokedExpr), expr1.Parameters);
}

that you can adapt to your needs and which isn't tied (IMHO) to LINQ.




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