如何在C#表达式树中设置字段值?

c# expression-trees lambda

鉴于:

FieldInfo field = <some valid string field on type T>;
ParameterExpression targetExp = Expression.Parameter(typeof(T), "target");
ParameterExpression valueExp = Expression.Parameter(typeof(string), "value");

如何编译lambda表达式以将“target”参数上的字段设置为“value”?

一般承认的答案

.Net 4.0 :现在有了Expression.Assign ,这很容易做到:

FieldInfo field = typeof(T).GetField("fieldName");
ParameterExpression targetExp = Expression.Parameter(typeof(T), "target");
ParameterExpression valueExp = Expression.Parameter(typeof(string), "value");

// Expression.Property can be used here as well
MemberExpression fieldExp = Expression.Field(targetExp, field);
BinaryExpression assignExp = Expression.Assign(fieldExp, valueExp);

var setter = Expression.Lambda<Action<T, string>>
    (assignExp, targetExp, valueExp).Compile();

setter(subject, "new value");

.Net 3.5 :你不能,你必须使用System.Reflection.Emit代替:

class Program
{
    class MyObject
    {
        public int MyField;
    }

    static Action<T,TValue> MakeSetter<T,TValue>(FieldInfo field)
    {
        DynamicMethod m = new DynamicMethod(
            "setter", typeof(void), new Type[] { typeof(T), typeof(TValue) }, typeof(Program));
        ILGenerator cg = m.GetILGenerator();

        // arg0.<field> = arg1
        cg.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
        cg.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);
        cg.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, field);
        cg.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

        return (Action<T,TValue>) m.CreateDelegate(typeof(Action<T,TValue>));
    }

    static void Main()
    {
        FieldInfo f = typeof(MyObject).GetField("MyField");

        Action<MyObject,int> setter = MakeSetter<MyObject,int>(f);

        var obj = new MyObject();
        obj.MyField = 10;

        setter(obj, 42);

        Console.WriteLine(obj.MyField);
        Console.ReadLine();
    }
}

专家解答

如已经讨论的那样,设置字段是有问题的。你可以(在3.5中)单个方法,例如属性设置器 - 但只能间接地。这得到4.0要容易得多,因为讨论在这里 。但是,如果您实际拥有属性(而不是字段),则只需使用Delegate.CreateDelegate即可完成很多操作:

using System;
using System.Reflection;
public class Foo
{
    public int Bar { get; set; }
}
static class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        MethodInfo method = typeof(Foo).GetProperty("Bar").GetSetMethod();
        Action<Foo, int> setter = (Action<Foo, int>)
            Delegate.CreateDelegate(typeof(Action<Foo, int>), method);

        Foo foo = new Foo();
        setter(foo, 12);
        Console.WriteLine(foo.Bar);
    }
}


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许可下: CC-BY-SA with attribution
不隶属于 Stack Overflow
这个KB合法吗? 是的,了解原因